Supreme Court Ruling on Government of Andhra Pradesh’s G.O.M. No 98 dated 06.12.2006

The Supreme Court has handed down a significant judgment on the validity of Government of Andhra Pradesh’s G.O.M. No 98 dated 06.12.2006, concerning minority educational institutions. The ruling addresses the rights of these institutions in administering their admissions process, as protected under Article 30(1) of the Constitution. This decision has far-reaching implications for the autonomy and integrity of educational institutions in the state.


  • The Petitioner – Institution is a minority institution granted the status of a ‘Christian Minority Educational Institution’ by the Government of Andhra Pradesh.
  • The present Civil Appeals and Writ Petition challenge the vires of Rules framed by the Government of Andhra Pradesh through impugned G.O.Ms for admission to the B. Ed. Course in Andhra Pradesh from the Academic Year 2006 – 2007.
  • The impugned G.O.Ms, specifically G.O.M. No 57 dated 21.03.2005, G.O.M. No 92 dated 16.11.2006, and G.O.M. No 98 dated 06.12.2006, are being contested.
  • The impugned G.O.Ms allowed minority colleges to fill 85% of their total seats with students from the minority community under the Management Quota.
  • The validity and applicability of these G.O.Ms are being challenged in the Writ Petition (Civil) No 244 of 2007, which is being pushed for final hearing.
  • The Government of Andhra Pradesh issued a directive regarding the criteria for determining minority status of candidates.
  • The directive aimed to prevent exploitation of provisions for obtaining religious conversion certificates overnight.
  • This move was in response to reports of students/candidates exploiting G.O. 6 above for obtaining minority status.

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  • Submission made on behalf of the Petitioner – Institution regarding G.O.M. No 98 dated 06.12.2006
  • Argument stating that the direction to allot unfilled seats in the Management Quota to non-minority students on merit is an intrusion on the right to administer minority institutions under Article 30(1) of the Constitution of India

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  • The impugned G.O.Ms ensure that 85% of the seats in Minority Educational Institutions are filled with meritorious minority students.
  • If the Management Quota seats remain unfilled by minority students, they are filled based on merit from the Common Entrance Test list to promote excellence in education.
  • G.O.M. No. 57 dated 21.03.2005 made the SSC Certificate the basis for determining the minority status of a student to prevent misuse of conversion certificates.
  • The G.O.M. safeguards the interest of genuine minority students from false conversions and ensures fair admission processes.
  • Regulation of minority institutions aims to prevent misuse and ensure that vacant seats are filled by deserving candidates.
  • Centralized counseling and uniform criteria for determining minority status are established to maintain the integrity of admissions in Minority Educational Institutions.
  • Article 30(1) protects the rights of minorities.
  • An amendment was made to clause (iii) (b) to add sub-clause para (10 A).
  • The right to admit students is a fundamental aspect of the right to administer educational institutions as per Article 30 of the Constitution.
  • State government or universities cannot interfere with this right as long as admissions are transparent and merit-based in unaided educational institutions.
  • Regulatory measures can be in place for maintaining educational standards and excellence, especially in admissions to professional institutions.
  • The impugned G.O.Ms do not restrict minority institutions’ rights to practice religion or administer educational institutions.
  • Criteria in the G.O.Ms are only for determining minority status for B.Ed. admissions and do not impede an individual’s choice of religion.
  • The contention that the G.O.Ms are unconstitutional and violate fundamental rights is rejected.
  • The G.O.Ms came into effect from the academic year 2006-2007.
  • Minority Educational Institutions in Andhra Pradesh have been following the G.O.Ms for over 13 academic years without any issue.
  • There is no justifiable reason to discontinue the G.O.Ms at this stage.

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  • The Civil Appeals and the Writ Petition have been dismissed due to lack of merit.
  • All pending Applications, if any, have been disposed of accordingly.


Case Number: C.A. No.-000106-000106 / 2011

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