Land Compensation and Tree Valuation Legal Analysis

Discover the nuances of land compensation and tree valuation through a detailed analysis of a recent legal case. This summary delves into the court’s interpretation of market prices, statutory entitlements, and the importance of accurately valuing trees in land acquisition disputes. Gain a deeper understanding of the legal principles involved in determining fair compensation for acquired land and trees.


  • The appellant challenges the compensation awarded by the High Court and seeks further enhancement.
  • The appellant argues for a higher compensation based on market prices from 1994 and 1996 sale deeds.
  • Statutory entitlements such as solatium, interest, and component under the Act to be calculated along with future interest at 15% per annum.
  • Judgment and order dated 17 of April, 2008 passed by the reference Court in LAC No 170 of 1999 to be modified accordingly.

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  • Sales statistics have been used to determine the value of the trees separately.
  • Reference to Ambya Kalya Mhatre(Dead) case where trees were valued separately was noted.
  • Appellant is seeking to compute compensation based on 2 hectares of acquired land.
  • High Court’s finding depriving the appellant of this computation needs to be challenged.
  • The compensation of Rs. 1,00,000/- per hectare for the whole land is deemed fair and needs no further consideration by the court.
  • The reference court mentioned 277 orange trees and 100 mango trees for the period 1990-91 to 1993-94, but there is no mention of mango trees from 1994-95 onwards.
  • The High Court rejected the claim for compensation regarding the 100 mango trees based on a survey report from November 23, 1994.
  • The compensation determined by the High Court of Rs. 1,00,000/- per hectare is supported by factual evidence, including specific sale instances used to calculate the market value.
  • Even with a 10% increase in value, the market value of 1 hectare based on the sale instance of March 12, 1996, would be Rs. 82,500/-.

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  • The High Court misread the decision regarding valuing land and trees separately.
  • Compensation for land and fruit-bearing trees cannot be determined separately.
  • Absence of evidence for the claimed 100 mango trees led to rejection by the High Court.
  • Compensation of Rs. 1,00,000/- per hectare deemed fair by the High Court with no interference needed.
  • High Court’s rejection of the claim for 100 mango trees based on evidence and 7/12 extracts.
  • No interference warranted based on the High Court’s findings of fact.
  • Principles established for valuing land separately if determined based on sales statistics or orchard compensation.
  • Separate valuation of trees required only if land value is determined based on sales statistics or orchard compensation.
  • Compensation for acquired land is to be determined based on its value.
  • Market value is calculated by considering the yield of the land.
  • A suitable multiplier is then applied to determine the final compensation to be awarded.
  • The land value was determined based on vacant agricultural land, not the value of any orchard.
  • The value of trees could be added to the land value in this case.
  • Market value determination was not based on yield but on sales statistics by the High Court.

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  • The appellant shall be entitled to compensation of Rs. 1,00,000/- per hectare for 2 hectares of land in Mouza Khandala, Tq. Manora, District Washim.
  • The statutory entitlement as referred to by the High Court shall also be provided to the appellant until realization.
  • The claimant is entitled to Rs. 91,305/- for wells in Gat No 1/1 and Gat No 1/2.
  • The claim for enhancement of compensation has been declined based on previous judgments in connected appeals.
  • The appellant is entitled to compensation for 400 Sindhi trees at the rate of Rs. 500 per tree.
  • The appeals are without substance and dismissed, with no costs to be paid.


Case Number: C.A. No.-005611-005612 / 2021

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