Land Valuation and Market Trends Analysis in Land Acquisition Case

Explore the intricate legal analysis conducted by the court regarding the valuation of lands in a recent land acquisition case. The court delved into factors such as pre-acquisition sale deeds, market trends influenced by development potential, and the contrasting price trends between urban and rural areas. This analysis sheds light on the importance of accurate valuation methods and the significant influence that market trends can have on land acquisition cases.


  • The proceedings for acquisition of lands were initiated vide Notification dated 27.09.2005 for the purpose of setting up Industrial Model Township, Phase-VI, Manesar, Gurgaon.
  • The lands sought to be acquired measured 465 acres 5 Kanals 7 Marlas in various villages like Bas Khusla, Bas Huria, Dhana, Kasan, and Bas Lambi.
  • The Land Acquisition Collector assessed the market value of the lands at the rate of Rs.12.50 lakhs per acre.
  • Different reference courts at Gurugram awarded different compensation amounts for the lands in question, with awards ranging from Rs.46,07,890/- per acre to Rs.43,61,400/- per acre.
  • The High Court found that the lands in this case were comparable to certain other villages and fixed the market value at Rs.43,61,400/- per acre despite a year lapse between notifications.
  • The acquiring body, HSIIDC, and the landholders filed 114 Appeals and 19 cross objections in the High Court.
  • The High Court framed questions for consideration regarding granting cumulative increase based on an Award for the notification dated 15.11.1994 for the acquisition dated 27.09.2005, and the sustainability of the Awards.
  • The High Court also considered the relevance of a sale deed dated 16.08.2004 in favor of M/s Conway Developers Ltd. which was subject matter of consideration in a specific case (RFA No.3381 of 2013 ‘HSIIDC v. Roshan Lal and others’).
  • The market value was assessed to be around Rs.57 lakhs based on the findings.

Also Read: Electoral Malpractices in Mayor Election


  • Notification for acquiring lands for Kondli Manesar Palwal Expressway was issued prior to the present acquisition.
  • The valuation of lands in the instant case was influenced by pre-acquisition sale deeds and the potential for development.
  • Acquisition in the case of HSIIDC vs. Roshan Lal and others was a year before the present acquisition, affecting the valuation comparison.
  • Evidence from both pre-acquisition and post-acquisition sale deeds were considered in determining market value.
  • Noteworthy increase in land prices in urban areas compared to rural areas due to development, demand, and construction activity.
  • Annual increase in market value can vary significantly between urban/semi-urban and rural areas, influencing valuation methods.
  • Use of outdated sale or acquisition references for determining market value may lead to unreliable results.
  • High Court’s reliance on ONGC Ltd. observations for determining market value was justified.
  • Certain sale deeds included not just land but also constructed areas and machinery in the valuation.
  • Adopting annual increase method in valuation should consider the time gap between reference and acquisition date for accuracy.
  • The decision in the present matters was based on the High Court’s decision in HSIIDC v. Roshan Lal and others.
  • The High Court’s decision in HSIIDC v. Roshan Lal and others relied on the assessment made in Madan Pal III v. State of Haryana.
  • The assessment in Madan Pal III v. State of Haryana was further evaluated and scaled down by this Court in Wazir and Another vs State of Haryana.
  • The values assessed in HSIIDC vs. Roshan Lal and others decision were theoretically higher, giving an advantage to the landholders.
  • Values in HSIIDC vs. Roshan Lal and others case were on the higher side compared to subsequent decisions like Wazir and another vs State of Haryana.
  • Landholders entitled to 8% flat increase over the market value assessed in HSIIDC vs. Roshan Lal and others for lands from comparable villages.
  • Rule of thumb to apply a flat 8% increase in absence of specific evidence of increase in prices in the nineties.
  • Special reasons or specific evidence of price increase can warrant a higher rate of increase based on circumstances.

Also Read: Balancing Power and Transparency: Electoral Bonds Struck Down, Disclosure Mandated


  • The landholders are entitled to all statutory benefits.
  • The appeals are allowed without any order as to costs.
  • The landholders must receive an enhancement to Rs. 47,10,500 per acre.

Also Read: Recall of Resolution Plan Approval: Legal Analysis


Case Number: C.A. No.-001330-001332 / 2021

Click here to read/download original judgement

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *