Legal Analysis on Child Custody and Passport Issue

Explore the in-depth legal analysis carried out by the court in a recent case revolving around child custody and passport issues. The court’s meticulous examination of the situation resulted in crucial decisions that will impact the welfare of the child involved. Dive into the complexities of this case and the legal considerations that shaped the final outcome.


  • The appellant sought the child’s passport to facilitate short-duration travel outside India before her relocation in September 2017.
  • The Family Court dismissed the appellant’s application for the child’s passport and restrained her from taking the child out of Bengaluru.
  • The Family Court’s reasoning for the restraint was to maintain jurisdiction over the child.
  • The High Court noted that the Family Court did not consider the respondent’s objections to the passport submission.
  • The appellant’s relocation to Singapore is temporary due to work, and she is willing to ensure the child’s welfare and not remove him from the jurisdiction of the Family Court.
  • The appellant and her son hold Indian passports.
  • The appellant moved out of the shared residence due to alleged abusive behavior by the respondent.
  • Legal proceedings for divorce and domestic violence protection are ongoing.
  • The child, Sattik, was born on 9 May 2013.
  • Various court orders and applications were filed regarding custody, visitation, and passport submission.
  • Appellant resides in Singapore, respondent temporarily residing in Ireland.
  • Appellant’s parents moved from NOIDA to Bengaluru to help with the child.
  • Child to be produced before Mediation Centre every third Saturday for visitation by respondent.
  • Maternal grandparents, permanent residents of AWHO Colony, Greater Noida, currently have custody of the child.

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  • The respondent has filed for guardianship of the child before the Family Court in Bengaluru.
  • The child has been living with the maternal grandparents in Bengaluru as per the Family Court’s order.
  • The respondent asserts that the child should remain with the maternal grandparents or he is willing to take charge of the child.
  • The appellant has not challenged the validity of the court order regarding the child’s custody.
  • Concerns raised about the appellant relocating the child outside the jurisdiction of Indian courts if taken to Singapore.
  • The appellant, represented by Ms Meenakshi Arora, Senior Counsel, is willing to comply with travel requirements between India and Singapore during the pandemic.
  • The appellant was offered relocation to Singapore as part of an employer’s restructuring exercise.

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  • The welfare of the child is the paramount concern in the case.
  • The child expressed a desire to reside with the mother in Singapore.
  • The arrangement during the proceedings should be modified to best serve the child’s interests.
  • The child’s education in Singapore is a crucial factor.
  • The mother has been primarily responsible for the child’s welfare since 2016.
  • Mediation efforts did not result in a settlement between the parties.
  • Both parents should have a role in the child’s upbringing.
  • The appellant’s employment in Singapore is genuine, not to evade jurisdiction.
  • The child’s welfare and education are important considerations for custody decisions.
  • The formal challenge to the order should not overshadow the child’s best interests.
  • The ultimate directions issued by the Court must address the respondent’s apprehension that the child should not be placed outside the control and jurisdiction of the Family Court, Bengaluru.
  • The interests of the child necessitate allowing the appellant to take the child with her to Singapore, where the appellant resides.

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  • The appellant is permitted to take the child, Sattik, with her to Singapore where she is employed and resides.
  • The appellant is permitted to make suitable arrangements for the travel to and admission of the child in a school in Singapore.
  • The respondent shall hand over the passport of the child to the appellant within 48 hours of receiving the judgment.
  • The appellant has exclusive rights to renew or obtain a passport for the child.
  • If the appellant needs to relocate for employment outside Singapore, she must seek prior permission from the Court.
  • Access and visitation rights for the respondent are outlined, including video-conferencing on weekends, visitation rights during school holidays in Singapore, and visits to India.
  • The appellant must ensure the child is present in Bengaluru for at least two weeks during the child’s summer vacations in 2021, with visitation rights for the respondent.
  • The appellant shall bring the child to India at least twice a year for visitation rights for the respondent.
  • The appellant must file an undertaking to abide by the conditions set by the Court.
  • The appellant can take the child out for holidays outside Singapore as per the order.


Case Number: C.A. No.-003544-003545 / 2020

Click here to read/download original judgement

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