Mitigating Factors in Sentencing: A Legal Analysis

Dive into a detailed legal analysis focusing on mitigating factors in sentencing as per a recent court case. The court’s examination of various aspects impacting the sentencing decision, such as familial circumstances and absence of intent to cause death, sheds light on the nuanced legal considerations in such matters. Discover the factors that influenced the reduction of the appellant’s sentence and the broader implications of these deliberations.


  • Appellant convicted under Section 304 Part-II by Trial Court.
  • Original sentence of ten years rigorous imprisonment reduced to five years by High Court in appeal.
  • Appellant-accused has now appealed against the High Court’s decision.
  • No intention to cause death of the deceased observed by Trial Court.
  • Appellant-accused beat the deceased with a bamboo stick on the head due to a dispute over the quantity of milk.
  • The incident took place at Kanhaiya Dairy when the deceased Munna was milking a buffalo owned by the appellant-accused.
  • Initially, the case was registered under Section 307 IPC but was later altered to Section 302 IPC.
  • The appellant-accused, along with other servants, took the unconscious deceased to the hospital where he later died on 20.10.1994.

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  • Mr. Raju Ramachandran, learned senior counsel, focused mainly on the question of the sentence during the hearing.
  • The appellant-accused has two daughters of marriageable age, 19 and 21 years old, with no male member in the family to take care of them.
  • The sentence of imprisonment for the appellant-accused has been reduced from five years to two years.
  • The appeal is partly allowed.

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  • The order passed is based on the peculiar facts and circumstances of the case.
  • The order should not be quoted as a precedent in any other case.

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Case Number: Crl.A. No.-000378-000378 / 2020

Click here to read/download original judgement

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